Grant funding policies
Our funding policies are intended to encourage research and project activities of the highest quality, carried out to the highest standards.
Standard grant conditions
Our standard grant conditions, together with the award letter set out the terms and conditions on which we make our grants.
Moorfields Eye Charity supports the policy statements of the Association of Medical Research Charities (AMRC).
This includes their positioning on supporting research in universities and the use of animals in research.
In addition, we have carefully considered our own view of the use of animals in research.
Our position on the use of animals in research
Our sight is a critically important sense but it is estimated that by 2050, there will be four million people in the UK living with sight loss. Research into better treatments is vital if we are to help reduce this number.
Currently, Moorfields Eye Charity funds research worth around £2.5 million every year. A small part of our funding goes on research where there is no alternative to involve animals.
Around 4 million people in the UK will be living with sight loss by 2050.
We invest around £2.5 million every year into research aiming to save or protect people’s sight.
Huge progress has been made in understanding and treating many eye conditions in recent years. Much of this has been made possible by earlier studies involving animals.
For example, there have been great advances in the development of a number of clinical trials using gene and stem cell-based therapies for macular and inherited retinal diseases. Research in this area is a pivotal point where there is great potential for even great advances and translation of treatments into the clinic.
There are strict rules around research involving animals and the law is clear that for example drugs must be tested on animals before they are given to humans.
However, we will only fund medical research involving animals where it is absolutely necessary to improve prevention and treatment of eye disease and where there is no alternative.
Moorfields Eye Charity believes that all research should be carried out with a high regard for animal welfare.
That’s why part of our rigour review process ensures that grant applicants have considered and taken all possible steps to replace the use of animals, reduce the numbers used and refine procedures so the degree of suffering for animals is kept to the absolute minimum (the 3Rs).
Our open access policy
We believe that maximising the dissemination of research and scholarly publications – by providing free, online access – is the most effective way of ensuring that the work we fund can be accessed, read and built upon.
Our open access policy applies to all grants that have been wholly or partly funded by the charity.
Open access means making research publications freely available so anyone can benefit from reading and using research.
Open access not only enables published research to be read, but also allows others to re-use that research. The main output of research and scholarly endeavours is new ideas and knowledge, which we expect our grant holders to publish in high-quality, peer-reviewed research articles, monographs and book chapters or other appropriate avenues relevant to the subject area of research, clinical practice, education or service improvement.
Scope of the policy
This policy applies to all peer-reviewed articles and appropriate scholarly publications where the whole or part of the work has been funded by Moorfields Eye Charity. It also applies to grants awarded through our Research Enhancement Award programme in support of open access charges.
Open access requirements
We support the ideal of unrestricted access to the published output of research and scholarly findings as a fundamental part of our charitable mission and a public benefit to be encouraged wherever possible.
- expect authors of research papers, monographs, case reports, audits and book chapters to maximise the opportunities to make their results available for free
- expect Moorfields Eye Charity-funded researchers to select publishing routes that ensure the work is available immediately on publication in its final published form, wherever such options exist for their publisher of choice and are compliant with our policy
- require that one of these two routes to making publications open access is selected:
- Green open access - The final peer reviewed article is deposited in an electronic depository. Access to the research output can be granted either immediately or after an embargo period
- Gold open access – The final peer reviewed article is published in a way that allows immediate access to everyone free of charge.
- encourage – and where we pay an open access fee, require – authors and publishers to licence research papers using the Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY) so they may be freely copied and re-used (for example, for text- and data-mining purposes or by creating a translation), provided that such uses are fully attributed (CC-BY is also the preferred licence for monographs and book chapters).
- will provide grant holders reasonable additional funding to cover open access charges, where appropriate, in order to meet our requirements.